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web development 101

web development 101


Welcome to Web Development 101

So, you’re diving into the exciting world of web development! Whether you’re a newbie or looking to refresh your skills, this guide will take you on a journey through the basics and beyond.

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Getting Started

Before we begin, let’s talk about the essentials:

  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language): The backbone of web development.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets): What makes your web pages look beautiful.
  • JavaScript: The language that adds interactivity and functionality to your websites.

HTML – The Building Blocks

HTML is like the canvas of a web page. It structures your content using various elements. Here are some common ones:


Use headings to define the structure of your content. They range from


(the highest level) to
(the lowest level). For example:

<h2>Main Heading</h2> <h3>Subheading</h3> <h4>Another Subheading</h4>


Use the <p> tag for paragraphs of text:

<p>This is a paragraph of text.</p>

CSS – Adding Style

Now that you have your content, let’s make it visually appealing with CSS:

Styling Text

You can change the color, size, and font of your text easily:

<style> p { color: #333; font-size: 16px; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; } </style>


Apply styles to your headings just like you would with paragraphs:

<style> h2 { color: #007bff; font-size: 24px; } h3 { color: #ff5722; font-size: 20px; } </style>

JavaScript – Adding Functionality

JavaScript brings life to your web pages. You can use it for animations, form validation, and more. Here’s a basic example:

<script> // JavaScript code goes here </script>

Best Practices

As you embark on your web development journey, keep these best practices in mind:

  1. Use meaningful <div> and <span> elements to structure your content.
  2. Keep your code organized and indented for readability.
  3. Test your website on different browsers to ensure cross-browser compatibility.
  4. Optimize images and media to improve page load times.
  5. Learn from online resources, forums, and tutorials to enhance your skills.

Need Help?

If you have any questions or need assistance, feel free to contact us:

Phone: +254792422480

Email: [email protected]

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web development 1 final exam
web development 1 final exam